Hausapeople found chiefly in northwestern Nigeria and adjacent southern Niger. They constitute the largest ethnic group in the area, which also contains another large group, the Fulaniperhaps one-half of whom are settled among the Hausa as a ruling class, having adopted the Hausa language and culture. A small minority of Hausa, known as Maguzawa, or Bunjawa, remained pagan. Hausa society was, and to a large extent continues to be, politically organized on a feudal basis.Mortal kombat 3 online
The ruler emir of one of the several Hausa states is surrounded by a number of titled officeholders who hold villages as fiefs, from which their agents collect taxes.
Administration is aided by an extensive bureaucracyoften utilizing records written in Arabic. The Hausa economy has rested on the intensive cultivation of sorghumcorn maizemilletand many other crops grown on rotation principles and utilizing the manure of Fulani cattle.
Agricultural activity has yielded considerably more than subsistence, permitting the Hausa to practice such craft specializations as thatching, leatherworking, weaving, and silversmithing. The range of craft products is large, and trading is extensive, particularly in regularly held markets in the larger towns. Hausa are also famous as long-distance traders and local vendors of Hausa-made leather goods as well as tourist items.
The Hausa have settled in cities of pre-European origin, such as Kanotowns, and hamlets; but the great majority of the population is rural. A typical farm household consists of two or more men and their families grouped in a mud- or stalk-walled enclosure of some 1, square feet 93 square metres containing small round or rectangular huts with thatched roofs and a larger rectangular hut in the centre for the headman of the compound. Social structuring is markedly hierarchical; the ranking, both of offices and social classes, is expressed in an elaborate etiquette.
Individuals may be ranked as commoners, administrators, or chiefs; and varying degrees of prestige attach to different professions and levels of prosperity. Slaves were formerly numerous, some of them holding important posts in the administration. Noble lineages dominated important official positions. Descent is patrilineal ; and close kin, especially cousins, are preferred marriage partners.
Full Text Of Aisha Buhari’s BBC Hausa Interview
Divorce, regulated by Muslim law, is frequent. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Hausa people. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. Northern Nigeria has long been dominated by the Muslim Hausawho since the 19th century have been ruled by Fulani emirs.Boko haram shugaba idris Debi yace bai zargi sojojin Nigeria da kin yakar yan kungiyar boko haram ba
Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. For centuries their buildings have been decorated inside with molded and painted low-relief decorations, which have more recently been applied to the exteriors. When a king is praised, the accompaniment becomes orchestral. Yoruba bards chant the ijalasinging of lineage, and, with the orikisaluting the notable.To browse Academia.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Nasiru Abubakar. The abuse by this category of users mixed up feminine and masculine gender which consequently harms Hausa grammar and changes meaning attributed to so many sentences, therefore corrupting communication.
There is a theory that asserts that gender and sex go together and any attempt to ignore this will create confusion. This paper is based on this theory. The paper discovers that there exist no or inadequate Hausa language grammar familiarity by a large number of the users either as a result of lack or inadequate training in the proper use of the language, hesitations to use the language properly or inferiority complex that pushes some users to use other language gender style.
Meanwhile, what I found suggests that there is need for the Hausa language scholars to address the found problems by developing an interaction ground between the users of the language and themselves with the intention of improving the user familiarity and usage of the language. The scholars should also make it a duty to follow the activities of the users to monitor the wrong usage and provide ways to address the issue.
However, the users should also make it a habit to participate in conferences and workshops that are organized to address Hausa language usage, grammar and relevant issues. It is evident that nowadays media is the main means of mass communication. Examples of the media commonly used are: Television, Radio, Web pages and Newspaper.
Hausa, as a language, has its independent grammatical system in the daily speeches and writing, to which the speaker must observe and abide strictly.
Hausa as a medium of communication by the media should be used in a standard way in the news broadcast and other programs but, unfortunately many radio stations both national and international have problems of grammatical deviations in the use of Hausa gender during their programs deliberation. Sometimes they apply feminine gender in place of masculine gender or masculine gender in place of feminine gender. Review of Related Works In the field of language study and linguistics analysis, many scholars and researchers have done some important works that are related to this paper.
The Meaning of Gender Gender indicates whether a person or animal is male or female. The word gender originated from Latin genus which means kind or sort Murthy Gender in grammar, is a class usually masculine, feminine, common, or neuter into which nouns and pronouns are placed in some languages, distinguished by a particular inflection Oxford Dictionary. Gender means sex, which can be male, female, neutral or nonliving thing Shamsuddeen Gender in Hausa Gender in Hausa is a two-term system: masculine and feminine.
It is operative only in the singular Newman in Garba However, Newman explained that, all singular NPs in Hausa have gender. Nouns or pronouns denoting people or large animals that are biologically male have masculine gender, e g.
Similarly, nouns or pronouns denoting people or large animals that are biologically female have feminine gender, e g.
Skinner stated that, in Hausa the system of the language divides all its nouns into two classes-masculine and feminine. Newman stated that, some nouns particularly animate nouns, have common gender, and can be either masculine or feminine without any change in form. Considering the above view, particle nee in Hausa copula must be corresponding to the NP subject of masculine gender and similarly cee must be corresponding to the NP subject of feminine gender e.
It has masculine gender, feminine gender and Plural. However, in good and effective Hausa language usage, every noun or pronoun must be used with suitable corresponding gender. Foreign and Local Media Media is the main means of mass communication especially television, radio, and newspaper regarded collectively.Pert boobs teen rubs clit.
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A person being abused—physically, verbally, sexually or in another harmful manner—is referred to as a survivor. He or she can also be called a victimthough survivor is the preferred term. This is the abuser, also sometimes referred to as the batterer.
In court, this person is the defendantor the person accused of a crime. The victim is the plaintiffor the person who is accusing the defendant of a crime.
Sign up for emails Receive new and helpful articles weekly. Sign up here. Intimate partner violence. This is another term for domestic violencesometimes also referred to as domestic abuse.
While domestic violence typically refers to abuse happening between two people in a relationship, including a spouse and partner, parent and child, siblings, etc. Intimate partner violence does not require sexual intimacy in order to occur. Dating violence. This refers to abuse that happens between two people who are dating and is typically used when discussing violent teenage relationships.
Emotional abuse. This can also be known as verbal abuse. Financial abuse. This is when an abuser uses finances to exert power and control over a victim. Personal Protection Order. A PPO is issued by the circuit court and is designed to stop violent or harassing behavior, including stalking. It is free to obtain and often lasts for about a week, giving a survivor time to file for a temporary restraining order. Safety Plan. If you would like to speak with an advocate near you for support or about any domestic violence matter, just enter your location information below and a list of nearby support phone numbers will appear.
Select a discrete app icon. Next step: Custom Icon Title Next. Change the title optional. Back Next. Use my location.K 9010 interlock kit
Emergency Shelter. Learn More Got it. Following are a few of the terms and phrases used to describe the components of an abusive relationship: Survivor. Related Articles. What Are Grey Rape and Stealthing? Domestic Violence in Affluent Marriages. What Makes People Choose to Abuse? Search Articles GO. Receive new and helpful articles weekly. Find a safe place near you.Pregnant Teen Big Cock Fucked. AfricanFuckingHogtied69Titty Fuck. Folake Nigerian business woman Ma Closeup Big Pussy Piercing Dick.
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